Happy or not, here are 2015 major anniversaries to commemorate, if not celebrate.
First, Elvis Presley was born on Jan. 8 in a two-room house in Tupelo, Mississippi. All hail the king of rock ‘n roll.
Other happy anniversaries include: 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta — magnificent must-see exhibit “Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor” at Library of Congress closes Jan. 19; 150th of the end of America’s Civil War; 70th of the end of World War Two; 50th of the Selma “Bloody Sunday” march and passage of the 1965 Voting Rights Act — “1965: Civil Rights at 50” Newseum exhibit opens Jan. 16; and the 25th of Nelson Mandela’s release from 27 years in prison in South Africa.
Anything but happy: President Lincoln’s assassination 150 years ago in April, just five days after the Civil War ended; 20th anniversary of the Oklahoma City bombing April 19, killing 168 people, and injuring more than 500 others.
For your calendars, here’s where, and how, to celebrate in and around Washington, D.C. (Stay tuned for more):
- Jan. 8 — Elvis’ 80th birthday — Viva Las Presley!
Lawdy, Miss Clawdy, Presley would be 80 on January 8! That evening, at 7:15 P.M., see the documentary “Elvis: That’s the Way It Is!” at AFI Silver Theatre in Silver Spring, Maryland just outside D.C. (Click here for the trailer of the 45-year-old film.)
See the only portrait that Elv the Pelv ever sat for, by Ralph Wolfe Cowan, in the Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery — in its “American Cool” section.
Another online exhibit is “When Nixon Met Elvis” (Dec. 21, 1970 at the White House) on the National Archives website.
To see a CBS News report on the meeting, click here.
The famed photo of the King meeting the President remains one of the most requested of all the National Archives’ holdings of some 15 million images, the Archives says.
That Presley-President picture is emblazoned on dozens of items in the National Archives shop. Their mug shot is on coffee mugs, snow globes, puzzles…
- Jan. 19 — last day to see Library of Congress exhibit honoring 800th anniversary of the Magna Carta — June 15, 1215
Jan. 19 is the final day for rare opportunity to see one of the world’s oldest and most important documents, the 1215 Magna Carta, in an exhibit illuminating the “Great Charter” as foundation for our Declaration of Independence, Constitution and its Bill of Rights.
The centerpiece of the Library of Congress’ exhibit “Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor” is the 1215 Lincoln Cathedral Magna Carta — one of only four originals still in existence.
This was the Lincoln Magna Carta’s return visit to the Library of Congress. England had entrusted it to the Library of Congress 75 years ago when World War Two was beginning.)
After the ancient document returns to England, it will be displayed in the British Library from Feb. 2-4 alongside the three other originals — the first time all four originals have ever been united. On Feb. 5, for one day only, all four will be shown at British Parliament.
After that exhibit, two will be returned to the British Library; a third original will go back to the Salisbury Cathedral; and the Lincoln Cathedral Magna Carta will be placed in a new custom-made vault in the newly renovated cathedral.
(For a list of anniversary events throughout England, click here,)
June 4 – July 29, for the June 15 800th anniversary, the National Archives will exhibit the Articles of Association, Oct. 20, 1774
The 1774 Articles of Association instituted a colony-wide trade boycott against Great Britain. The boycott was initiated in response to the Intolerable Acts that colonists believed violated their rights and the ancient rule of law asserted in Magna Carta.
Also at the Archives, see the original 1297 Magna Carta, on display courtesy of David M. Rubenstein, in the new Records of Rights permanent exhibit. America’s only original Magna Carta, it is one of later, amended versions of the 1215 great charter.
- Feb. 11 — 25th anniversary of Nelson Mandela’s release from prison
Nelson Mandela, South Africa’s liberator and first black president, was released Feb. 11, 1990 after 27 years in prison, mostly on the notorious Robben Island. The anti-apartheid activist, as South Africa’s president, initially shared power and the 1993 Nobel Peace Prize with the white president who preceded him, F. W. de Klerk, “for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa”. Mandela, an international symbol of justice, dignity, and hope, died at age 95 in 2013.
Check the Embassy of South Africa for celebrations.
- March 7 — 50th anniversary of the “Bloody Sunday” attack on marchers in Selma, Alabama
The controversial movie “Selma” draws much-needed attention to voting rights. Led by John Lewis (who now has served almost 30 years as a U.S. Congressman) and Reverend Hosea Williams, some 600 people gathered in Selma on Sunday, March 7, 1965 for a march to Montgomery to demand voting rights. At the Edmund Pettus Bridge, Alabama state troopers savagely used nightsticks, tear gas, and dogs to brutally attack the peaceful marchers. It will always be known as “Bloody Sunday”.
The continuing wrangles over the movie’s portrayal of President Johnson could be quelled by Richard N. Goodwin, a special assistant and speech writer for President Johnson, in an opinion piece in “The Washington Post” Feb. 1: “Far from resisting King, (President Johnson) worked all the avenues of power to do something with all the might and matchless skill he could muster. The combination of Martin Luther King Jr. and the civil rights movement with Lyndon Johnson and the federal government created neither a black moment nor a white moment. It was an incandescent American moment.”
“LIFE” Magazine March 26, 1965 issue, said, “There have been other landmarks in the decade of the Negro’s militancy…but none had the power of Selma in 1965.”
Jan. 14 — at 10:30 A.M. in the Library of Congress’ Whittall Pavilion in the Jefferson Building, there’s a book talk and signing of “Turning 15 On the Road to Freedom: My Story of the 1965 Selma Voting Rights March” (Dial, Jan. 8), by Lynda Blackmon Lowery, the youngest person in the march.
She has scars on her head from a beating by an Alabama state trooper during an earlier march, when she was 14 years old. She needed 35 stitches to close that wound, and one over her right eye.
She and “as told to” co-authors Elspeth Leacock and Susan Buckley. Lowery provided background and historical perspective about the Civil Rights Movement, and details of Lowery’s role in the pivotal event.
The event is part of the Library of Congress’ lecture and film series focusing on the Civil Rights Movement. It’s in conjunction with the Library’s exhibit “The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom“, on view to Sept. 12, and also online.
Jan. 16 — “1965: Civil Rights at 50” opened at the Newseum and explores the dramatic, historic events from “Bloody Sunday” to President Johnson signing the Voting Rights Act. It’s part of a changing exhibit exploring the relationship between news media and the civil rights movement in the 1960s, through powerful, historic front pages, images, and stories.
Jan. 21 — Rep. Lewis and his aide Andrew Aydin will discuss and sign their new second volume in their best-selling graphic novel trilogy “March“, a first-hand account of Lewis’ experiences as a key figure of the civil rights movement. The event at the National Press Club at 6:30 P.M. is a fundraiser for its nonprofit affiliate, the NPC Journalism Institute.
With art by Nate Powell, the first volume has won many awards. “March: Book Two” explores the Freedom Rides in the south; Lewis’ election as chairman of Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC); and at age 23, becoming one of the “Big Six” leaders of the civil rights movement and a central figure in the landmark 1963 March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom.
“Washington Post” columnist Michael Cavna concluded his Jan. 25 review “with one humble dream of my own: That both volumes of ‘March’ be stocked in every school and shelved at every library.”
Feb. 12 — At the National Archives at 2 P.M., as part of its year-long “50th Anniversaries of Voting Rights” events, archivist Tina Ligon will present records of the Selma march and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 in the William G. McGowan Theater.
Feb. 24 — At the National Archives at 2 P.M., “Protecting America’s Treasures: Black History in the Vault“, archives specialist Netisha Currie describes records relating to African American history. This will be at the McGowan Theater, and later on YouTube — the National Archives’ very useful dedicated channel, “Know Your Records”.
March 7 — noon at Selma’s Pettus Bridge, the NAACP is organizing a march, with speakers and other activities, to mark the historic event.
July 30-Aug. 26 — the National Archives will exhibit items in its Featured Document section.
For the National Archives’ online exhibit “Selma to Montgomery”, click here.
- April 9 — 150th anniversary of the end of the Civil War
Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865. The four year Civil War caused approximately 630,000 deaths and more than a million casualties.
The Smithsonian’s National Portrait Gallery has produced CivilWar@Smithsonian, examining the Civil War through the Smithsonian Institution’s extensive collections. “Since the war itself, 1861–1865, the institution has been actively collecting, preserving, and remembering America’s most profound national experience,” the website notes.
The National Portrait Gallery (NPG) has its own “Civil War 150” exhibits, including:
“Grant and Lee” continues through April 19.
Through images mainly from the NPG collections, “visitors will recognize that Grant and Lee were well-matched rivals who, when the time came to lay aside their weapons, worked together to broker a lasting peace whose legacy continues today,” says NPG director Kim Sajet. The display also includes death masks of each man. A key loan featured in the show is Winslow Homer’s “Skirmish in the Wilderness”, from the New Britain Museum of American Art.
Mathew Brady’s Photographs of Union Generals continues through May 2015.
February-August — the National Archives, in its Public Vaults’ Architectural Drawings case, will exhibit various items.
As Robert E. Lee famously said at the battle of Fredericksburg, Virginia, “It is well that war is so terrible, or we should grow too fond of it.”
(For sesquicentennial events across the country, click here, or http://www.civilwar.org/150th-anniversary/150-events.)
The Smithsonian’s National Postal Museum opens “Freedom Just Around the Corner: Black America from Civil War to Civil Rights” on Feb. 12.
Feb. 12 — The National Postal Museum’s first exhibition devoted entirely to African American history marks 150 years since the end of the Civil War and the abolition of slavery through the perspective of stamps and mail. The year-long exhibit includes letters carried by enslaved Americans, mail sent by and to leaders of the civil rights movement, and original artwork for numerous stamps. A special website and catalogue augment the exhibit.
- April 14-15, 1865 — 150th anniversary of President Lincoln’s assassination
Ford’s Theatre, where President Lincoln was assassinated, is staging many events for “Ford’s 150: Remembering the Lincoln Assassination” honoring the life and legacy of the 16th President.
A couple of “Ford’s 150” many highlights:
Jan. 23 — its series of plays begins with the world premiere of “The Widow Lincoln” by James Still.
April 14-15 — his assassination and death will be commemorated with a 24-hour The Lincoln Tribute at the theatre.
Lincoln’s bodyguard had gone to a nearby saloon to drink, and the President’s valet let the famous actor, John Wilkes Booth, enter the theater box. Ford’s remained closed for more than 100 years.
Other commemorations in the D.C. area include:
Feb. 13 — “President Lincoln Is Dead: ‘The New York Herald’ Reports the Assassination” opens at the Newseum. The exhibit brings together all seven editions from April 15, 1865 for the first time. It begins with the 2 A.M. edition containing the first Associated Press report that Lincoln had been shot. The display also includes a recently discovered 8:45 A.M. “EXTRA”, one of the first newspapers to report the President’s death.
March 5-April 29 — The National Archives, in its Featured Document display, will show the report of Army doctor Charles Leale, who attended to Lincoln after he was shot. The doctor’s report covers the moment he arrived at Lincoln’s side in Ford’s Theater, through the President’s death the next morning at the Petersen house across the street.
March 23 to May 25 — Lincoln’s carriage that transported the President, Mary Todd Lincoln, Major Henry Rathbone and his fiancée Clara Harris to Ford’s Theatre, will displayed at the Smithsonian’s National Museum of American History.
Mary Lincoln recounted the carriage ride she and the President took the afternoon before attending Ford’s Theatre on April 14th, 1865, “During the drive he was so gay, that I said to him, laughingly, ‘Dear husband, you almost startled me by your great cheerfulness,’ he replied, ‘and well I may feel so, Mary, I consider this day, the war, has come to a close’—and then added ‘We must both, be more cheerful in the future—between the war and the loss of our darling Willie—we have both, been very miserable.'”
The Lincoln Memorial on the National Mall is inscribed, “In this temple, as in the hearts of the people for whom he saved the Union, the memory of Abraham Lincoln is enshrined forever.”
- April 19 — 20th anniversary of the Oklahoma City bombing
“The worst act of homegrown terrorism in the nation’s history,” according to the FBI, killed 168 people, including 19 children, injured more than 500 other persons, and damaged or destroyed 300 buildings. Convicted self-styled terrorists Timothy McVeigh, an ex-Army soldier, was executed, and co-conspirator Terry Nichols is imprisoned without parole.
- May 8 — 70th anniversary of World War Two victory in Europe
The Nazis surrendered to the Allies on May 8, 1945, V-E Day, ending the war in Europe. The World War Two Memorial on the National Mall honors the 16 million people who served in the U.S. armed forces, and the more than 400,000 who died serving in the war. The memorial is between Constitution and Independence Avenues at 17th Street.
Jan. 20 — at noon at the National Archives, the new book “The Nazis Next Door: How America Became a Safe Haven for Hitler’s Men” (Houghton Mifflin Harcourt) will be discussed and signed by Pulitzer Prize-winning author Eric Lichtblau.
The U.S. welcomed about 10,000 Nazis, including several who had key roles in the genocide, writes Lichtblau.
A “New York Times” investigative reporter, Lichtblau did some of his research as a visiting fellow at the U.S. Holocaust Memorial Museum’s Center for Advanced Holocaust Studies in Washington.
Aug. 27-Oct. 28 — the Archives will exhibit items in its Featured Document section.
- Aug. 6 — 50th anniversary of the Voting Rights Act
The unprovoked “Bloody Sunday” attack by Alabama state troopers on peaceful marchers crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, persuaded President Johnson and Congress to overcome Southern legislators’ resistance to effective voting rights legislation. The Voting Rights Act of 1965 was passed and signed into law on Aug. 6. But it, like the Selma marchers 50 years ago, has been under siege. It was essentially gutted by a 2013 U.S. Supreme Court decision.
The Library of Congress is having a lecture and film series focusing on the Civil Rights Movement. It’s in conjunction with the Library’s exhibit “The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom“, on view to Sept. 12, and also online. The film series in February, is also in honor of Black History Month.
Here are a few of the Library’s talks:
Jan. 14 — (as noted above) at 10:30 A.M. in the Whittall Pavilion on the ground level of the Jefferson Building, there’ll be a talk on “Turning 15 On the Road to Freedom: My Story of the 1965 Selma Voting Rights March” (Dial, Jan. 8), by Lynda Blackmon Lowery, as told to Elspeth Leacock and Susan Buckley. Lowery was the youngest person marching.
Jan. 21 — at noon in the exhibition gallery of “The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom” in the Jefferson Building, James Hutson, chief of the Library’s Manuscript Division, will provide a brief history of how the term “civil rights” evolved through the 18th and 19th centuries.
Jan. 28 — at noon in room 119 of the Jefferson Building, Clay Risen will discuss and sign his book “The Bill of the Century: The Epic Struggle for the Civil Rights Act” (Bloomsbury Press, 2014). Risen, a “New York Times” senior editor, also wrote “A Nation on Fire: America in the Wake of the King Assassination”.
The films will be screened at noon in the Mary Pickford Theater on the third floor of the Library’s James Madison Building:
Feb. 4 — “Sit-In” (NBC White Paper, broadcast Dec. 20, 1960). One of the first prime-time documentaries on the Civil Rights Movement, NBC’s “Sit-In” profiled the Nashville movement – called by Martin Luther King Jr. “the best organized and most disciplined in the Southland” – and its efforts to desegregate the city’s department store lunch counters, with revealing footage and interviews by participants, including leader Diane Nash and John Lewis, now a Member of Congress.
Feb. 11 — “Walk in My Shoes” (ABC Close-Up! broadcast Sept. 19, 1961). The New York Times” called it “a stunning accomplishment”, produced and narrated by African-American journalist Louis Lomax. According to the “New York Amsterdam News”, the film presented to American audiences “for the first time…the opportunity to see and hear Negroes from all walks of life discuss their viewpoints.”
Feb. 18 — “Confronted” (National Educational Television; broadcast Dec. 2, 1963). While Congress deliberated civil rights legislation in Washington, National Educational Television (NET), the precursor to PBS, examined hostile white responses throughout the nation to African American demands for “freedom now”. “Confronted” was shot by pioneering cinéma vérité filmmakers David and Albert Maysles.
Feb. 25 — “Filibuster – Birth Struggle of a Law” (CBS Reports, broadcast March 17, 1964). While southern senators prepared to filibuster the civil rights bill, CBS Reports reviewed the bill’s history, and presented a live debate from the U.S. Capitol between Sen. Hubert Humphrey, the floor manager of the fight to pass the bill, and Sen. Strom Thurmond, one of its fiercest opponents.
Also, as noted above:
The Newseum explores this in its exhibit “1965: Civil Rights at 50” that continues through Jan. 4, 2016.
Feb. 12 — At the National Archives at 2 P.M., as part of its year-long “Feb. 12 — At the National Archives at 2 P.M., as part of its year-long “50th Anniversaries of Voting Rights” events, archivist Tina Ligon will present records of the Selma march and the Voting Rights Act of 1965.
Feb. 24 — At the National Archives at 2 P.M., “Protecting America’s Treasures: Black History in the Vault“, archives specialist Netisha Currie describes records relating to African American history.
- Aug. 15 — 70th anniversary of victory in Japan, ending World War Two
On Aug. 15, 1945, V-J Day, the Japanese surrendered unconditionally to the Allies. To force Japan to surrender, the U.S. had dropped two atomic bombs: on Aug. 6, the Enola Gay dropped the bomb nicknamed “Little Boy” on Hiroshima. On Aug. 9, another was dropped on Nagasaki. An estimated quarter-million people were killed, and many thousands injured by the two explosions.
Jan. 7 — at noon at the Library of Congress, Robert Brammer of the Law Library and Eiichi Ito of the Asian Division will discuss the internment of Japanese Americans during World War Two.
Aug. 27-Oct. 28 — the Archives will exhibit Japanese surrender documents in its Featured Document section.
- Nov. 16 — 100th Anniversary of Coke Bottle
Oct. 29-Dec. 2, the Archives will display Design Patent No. 48,160 the “birth certificate” of the contoured Coke bottle an icon of American culture.
- Dec. 1 — 60th anniversary of Rosa Parks’ refusal to move to the back of the bus
Rosa Parks’ arrest for refusing to relinquish her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Alabama, on Dec. 1, 1955, sparked the Montgomery bus boycott. It lasted 381 days and captured nationwide and worldwide attention. The boycott was led by 26-year-old Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., who said Parks was anchored to that bus seat “by the accumulated indignities of days gone by, and the countless aspirations of generations yet unborn.”
Her brave action earned her the title of “The Mother of the Civil Rights Movement”.
Jan. 15 — at 12:30 P.M. at the Library of Congress, Elaine Steele, a longtime associate of civil rights leader Rosa Parks and co-founder of the Rosa and Raymond Parks Institute for Self Development; Ella McCall Haygan, co-director of the Parks Institute Pathways to Freedom Youth Program in Washington, D.C.; and Anita Peek, the institute’s executive director, will share recollections of Parks.
Feb. 4 — On Parks’ birthday, the Library opens its Rosa Parks Collection’s 7,500 manuscripts and 2,500 photographs to researchers.
March 2-March 30 — Selected items from her collection will be exhibited.
March 7-Sept. 12 — Items from her collection will be incorporated into the Library’s exhibition “The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom”. Her intriguing, poignant collection was donated to the Library last September.
So, may the new year bring what Nelson Mandela hoped for in his Nobel Peace Prize acceptance lecture, “democracy, justice, peace, non-racism, non-sexism, prosperity for everybody, a healthy environment and equality and solidarity among the peoples.”
Press reports of ‘Bloody Sunday’ attack in Selma, Alabama March 7, 1965. Part of ‘Selma to Montgomery’ online exhibit by National Archives at Atlanta
Press reports of ‘Bloody Sunday’ attack in Selma, Alabama March 7, 1965. Part of ‘Selma to Montgomery’ online exhibit by National Archives at Atlanta. The NAACP is organizing a march at Selma’s Edmund Pettus Bridge. The Library of Congress is having a series of talks and films in conjunction with its Civil Rights exhibit.
John Lewis and Rev. Hosea Williams led some 600 marchers across Selma’s Edmund Pettus bridge March 7, 1965. Lewis has served in Congress for almost 30 years.
Rep. John Lewis, a Congressman from Georgia for almost 30 years, co-led the Selma to Montgomery march for voting rights 50 years ago March 7. He and many of the 600 peaceful marchers were brutally attacked in what became known as ‘Bloody Sunday’. The civil rights hero almost died from his wounds.
Civil rights demonstrators in Selma rest, just before they were attacked by state troopers during the protest that became ‘Bloody Sunday’ March 7, 1965.
Civil rights demonstrators in Selma rest, just before they were attacked by state troopers during the protest that became ‘Bloody Sunday’ March 7, 1965. The placard reads, ‘We march together, Catholics, Jews, Protestant, for dignity and brotherhood of all men under God, Now!’
This peaceful demonstration contrasts with the violent one depicted in the controversial film ‘Selma’.
This demonstration contrasts with the unprovoked attack by state troopers on peaceful marchers crossing the Edmund Pettus Bridge in Selma, Alabama 70 years ago, on March 7, 1965. It persuaded President Johnson and Congress to overcome Southern legislators’ resistance to effective voting rights legislation. LBJ signed the Voting Rights Act of 1965 on Aug. 6. (But it was greatly weakened by a U.S. Supreme Court decision in 2013.)
President Lincoln, assassinated 150 years ago in April, just five days after the Civil War ended
Ford’s Theatre is staging many events, ‘Ford’s 150: Remembering the Lincoln Assassination’, including a 24-hour tribute April 14-15, and a series of plays, beginning Jan. 23 with ‘The Widow Lincoln’, a world premiere of James Still’s play.
Recently discovered 8:45 A.M. ‘extra’ in the Newseum exhibit ‘President Lincoln Is Dead: ‘The New York Herald’ Reports the Assassination’. Newseum Collection
Recently discovered 8:45 A.M. ‘extra’, one of the first newspapers to report the President’s death. All seven issues are brought together for the first time in the Newseum exhibit ‘President Lincoln Is Dead: ‘The New York Herald’ Reports the Assassination’ opening Feb. 13.
Report of the doctor who attended President Lincoln at Ford’s Theatre April 14, 1865, through his death the next morning
Report of Army doctor Charles Leale, who attended to President Lincoln after he was fatally shot by John Wilkes Booth. The report covers the doctor’s arrival at Lincoln’s side in Ford’s Theater, through the President’s death the following morning at the Petersen house across the street.
Ford’s Theatre remained closed for more than 100 years after the Lincoln assassination. Library of Congress, Rare Book & Special Collections Division
Ford’s Theatre draped in black after the Lincoln assassination. The theater remained closed for more than 100 years. The Newseum exhibit ‘President Lincoln Is Dead: ‘The New York Herald’ Reports the Assassination’ opens Feb. 13.
The McClean house in Appomattox Court House, Virginia, where Lee surrendered to Grant on April 9, 1865.
Gen. Robert E. Lee surrendered to Gen. Ulysses S. Grant at Appomattox Court House, Virginia on April 9, 1865, ending the four-year Civil War. This photo of the surrender site, the McLean house, was taken soon after the historic event.
‘Mother of the Civil Rights Movement’, Rosa Parks refused to relinquish her bus seat to a white man in Montgomery, Ala. on Dec. 1, 1955. Her arrest sparked the 381-day Montgomery bus boycott, a key event in the entire movement.
Rosa Parks in Library of Congress exhibit, ‘The Civil Rights Act of 1964: A Long Struggle for Freedom’. The Rosa Parks Collection will be housed at the Library for ten years, the Library announced on Sept. 9, 2014.
Rosa Parks’ arrest record, for refusing to give a white man her seat on a Montgomery, Ala. bus 60 years ago on Dec. 5, 1955.
Rosa Parks became known as ‘Mother of the Civil Rights Movement’ for her refusal to relinquish her bus seat to a white passenger. Her action and arrest sparked the 381-day Montgomery bus boycott, a mobilizing event in the long struggle for civil rights.
Design Patent for the Coke bottle, Nov. 16, 1915
Design Patent for the Coke bottle, Nov. 16, 1915, its ‘birth certificate’ 100 years ago. National Archives will display this icon of American culture from Oct. 29-Dec. 2.
Nazi Germany’s document of unconditional surrender to Allies on display at the National Archives 70 years ago. Photo: National Archives
The Nazis surrendered to the Allies on May 8, 1945, V-E Day, ending the war in Europe. The document is seen on display at the National Archives 70 years ago. World War Two ended after Japan surrendered on Aug. 15, 1945.
Col. Tibbets waves before taking off to drop the A-bomb on Hiroshima Aug. 6, 1945
To force Japan to surrender, the U.S. had dropped two atomic bombs: on Hiroshima Aug. 6, and on Aug. 9, on Nagasaki. An estimated quarter-million people were killed, and many thousands injured by the two explosions. Japan surrendered days later.
Atom bomb explosion over Japan, August, 1945.
To force Japan to surrender, the U.S. had dropped two atomic bombs: on Hiroshima Aug. 6, 1945 and on Aug. 9, on Nagasaki. Japan surrendered On Aug. 15, 1945.
Supreme Allied Commander Gen. Douglas MacArthur signs Japan’s surrender document 70 years ago.
Supreme Allied Commander Gen.Douglas MacArthur signs Japan’s Instrument of Surrender on board USS Missouri on Sept. 2, 1945.
Terry Nichols, Oklahoma City bombing co-conspirator, at his sentencing
Oklahoma City bombing co-conspirator Terry Nichols was sentenced to life imprisonment without parole. His fellow terrorist, Timothy McVeigh, an ex-Army soldier, was executed for the attack that killed 168 people, including 19 children, injured more than 500 other persons, and damaged or destroyed 300 buildings.
‘Field of Chairs’ at the Oklahoma City memorial for the bombing 20 years ago April 19.
‘Field of Chairs’ at the Oklahoma City memorial for the bombing 20 years ago April 19. A chair represents each of the 168 people killed in the attack.
When Nixon Met Elvis’ is an online exhibit at the National Archives website, www.archives.gov/exhibits/nixon-met-elvis
This photo is one of the most requested among the National Archives 15 million images. ‘When Nixon Met Elvis’ is an online exhibit at the National Archives website, www.archives.gov/exhibits/nixon-met-elvis. (President Nixon and Elvis met at the White House on Dec. 21, 45 years ago.)
Lawdy, Miss Clawdy, Presley would be 80 on January 8! Where to love him tender around Washington, D.C.?
Elvis’d be 80 on Jan. 8. We’re All Shook Up. He’d be nothin’ but an old Hound Dog. But That’s All Right; Don’t Be Cruel.
Elvis was born here 80 years ago Jan. 8.
Elvis’ two-room birth home in Tupelo, Miss. The historical marker outside that house says it all, ‘Presley’s career as a singer and entertainer redefined popular music.’ He was born 80 years ago on Jan. 8.
Elvis Presley letters, including the one he wrote to President Nixon to request a meeting. It happened 45 years ago, on Dec. 21, 1970
Elvis Presley letters, including the one he wrote to President Nixon to request a meeting. It happened 45 years ago, documented in ‘When Nixon met Elvis’, a National Archives online exhibit, www.archives.gov/exhibits/nixon-met-elvis. National Archives.
One of only four originals of the Magna Carta, 800 years old on June 15.
Lincoln Cathedral Magna Carta, 1215, centerpiece of ‘Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor’ at Library of Congress through Jan. 19. Named for its regular custodian, Lincoln Cathedral in Lincoln, England. The Magna Carta’s 800th anniversary is June 15.
Princess Anne opens ‘Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor’ exhibit at Library of Congress
Princess Anne opening ‘Magna Carta: Muse and Mentor’ exhibit at the Library of Congress. The must-see exhibit closes Jan. 19. She’s with Librarian of Congress James Billington and David Mao, Law Librarian of Congress.