Many in the media and think tanks have dissected the apparent of the People’s Republic of China to no end. To understand China one has to understand a. how the China views itself historically, b. how China’s view the massive empire historically, and c. that all Asian states view contemporary politics from … yes a historical perspective. Contemporary issues mean little to Asia. Asian relations date back over 5,000 year, thus there is an inclination from the west to view issues from a post WWII perspective. We define our interaction from the quintessential political theory frameworks of Carl von Clausewitz and Kenneth Waltz. These simple frameworks address Asia from a one dimensional and it is in this lapse in vision that we make what could possibly our most costly mistake. The west is waiting for China to project its power beyond Asia… what it fails to understand is China has already done so….economically. China has chosen economic imperialism as its weapon system of choice…… of sorts. It is in the “soft power” that China is cultivating its “military power”. By sure numbers China can match the combined forces of its competitors, but at this moment China has a 20th century military and a 19th Century navy. The Chinese Air Force is a force that can challenge any and all within its region. China has also spent the last decade developing its legal class seeking to redefine international from an Asian perspective. The apprehension to follow through stems from the apathy to additionally own the system once changed. China’s financial which operates fundamentally from sovereign fund investment is hollow and one dimensional.
The Peoples Republic of China under both Hu Jintao and Xi Jingping has transitioned from an isolationist state of the Cold War to what may say and Economic Superpower. China dominates the globe in unilateral investment. With a GDP as high as 9% China has surpassed its neighbor and chief competitor Japan as the 2nd largest economy in the world and is set to surpass the United States as the world’s largest economy sometime within the next decade. China is among the most competitive economies in the world, most notably because success stories such as Jack Wa and the Alibaba IPO that set a record at $49 billion dollars. Chinese investment in United States is made possible by sovereign funds. The funding is provided by the centralized government and has primarily been focused on real estate. . China wants the United States out of Asia and out of the Pacific. President Xi Jingping much like his American counterpart seeks the use of diplomatic pressure to the alternative of his predecessor Hu Jintao a traditional Cold Warrior. China in the past has honored traditional reaches of US power in the Pacific but has embarked on an unprecedented military modernization spanning 12 plus years. It has acquired US designs through controversial breaches of security that has resulted in the development of a fledgling stealth fighter weapon system. The Sino-US economic trade deficit is legendary and it is within that bilateral relationship that China and the US trade power structures, the United States does not need China to buy its debt but it enjoys the liquidity of the line of credit. China holds 1/3 of the United States sovereign debt and Japan holds a third and the final third is divided among the international community and institutions. China backs its currency with our debt and creates revenue through lucrative trade deals and sovereign hedge investment. . China the world’s largest manufacture has access to the world largest market and economy. Trade between the world’s two largest economies topped out $392 billion dollars a number that eclipses the EU traded efficient which stands at 298 billion by almost a $100 billion dollars
Who is Xi Jingping?
How will the world remember the Xi Jingping dynasty? The world will describe President Jingping in a single word “Machiavellian”. An in that single word you clearly understand the Xi Jingping one of China’s most educated men clearly understands the teachings of Rousse and Hobbs and he clearly understands the strategy of Tzu and Clausewitz and he is a student of Waltz. He wants to be viewed as strong statesman, but above all as a reformer. His tenure is far too young to examine with any amount of depth or breath. One thing is unambiguous and that is he is a methodical statesman and businessman. Xi’s use of soft power to peacefully subjugate Sri Lanka, Vietnam and the Philippines has shown he will pick his battles wisely. His creation of Shanghai Security Cooperation and his grasp of the effectiveness of a regional security apparatus has led to the pooling of Russian-Central Asian- Chinese Military resources to police regions such as Central Asia and respond to states such as Afghanistan. To analyze Xi you must look at him holistically and with a 21st Century perspective.
How does President Jingping view the US?
US-Sino diplomatic relations are bilateral in nature. The powers have just reached a monumental agreement to address climate change. Little to no progress has been on intellectual property and cyber security. President Xi Jingping views the United States and Europe as trade partners …… and nothing more. Xi understands the traditional Cold War roles as doesn’t seek to necessarily change that balance only deny access to the region. Xi wants to make China dependent on labor and evolve China into a free market society this plan has been coined the “Five Year Plan”. Xi understands the politics of the United States and Europe. He understands US foreign policy suffered greatly under the Bush Administration, not because of a failed campaign but the rather the dissipating popularity in the developing world. Xi has sought to capitalize on this desire for a second option. Specifically in places such as Africa and South America his message of a nonintrusive business partner or “silent partner” appeals to governments such as Argentina, Brazil, Nigeria, Venezuela , Iran, ets. They see the projection of economic influence as its primary imperialistic tool. It is in that particular tool that China finds its hide an advantage. The economic soft power approach creates strong ties. China doesn’t seek to replace America as the police of the global order, because at that they become the caretakers of that order, but rather to redefine and create a bipolar order that offers an alternative the status quo. China wants the United States out of Asia and out of the Pacific. President Xi Jingping much like his American counterpart seeks the use of diplomatic pressure to the alternative of his predecessor Hu Jintao a traditional Cold Warrior. China in the past has honored traditional reaches of US power in the Pacific but has embarked on an unprecedented military modernization spanning 12 plus years. It has acquired US designs through controversial breaches of security that has resulted in the development of a fledgling stealth fighter weapon system. The Sino-US economic trade deficit is legendary and it is within that bilateral relationship that China and the US trade power structures, the United States does not need China to buy its debt but it enjoys the liquidity of the line of credit. China holds 1/3 of the United States sovereign debt and Japan holds a third and the final third is divided among the international community and institutions. China backs its currency with our debt and creates revenue through lucrative trade deals and sovereign hedge investment. . China the world’s largest manufacture has access to the world largest market and economy. This intern provides the United States with both cheaper labor cost and cheaper prices. President Xi Jingping want seeks to establish the People’s Republic of China as the world’s largest economy. President wants to establish the Ruble as viable alternative to American Dollar and he also seeks to sure up China’s energy policy and supply. The goal being to ascend China to stage of super power peacefully and creating Chinese wealth and standard of living to rival that of the West.
How does Jinping view Europe and Colonialism?
Xi Jingping is not a conservative as his predecessor Hu Jintao. He is pragmatic and Machiavellian in nature. He sees Europe as wounded animal not be collared but manipulated. He uses the colonialist playbook as if wrote himself. For example he clearly sees and exploits the nationalistic ambitions of the European such as Germany to divide and isolate each state economically. He lends and finances development thereby inserting Chinese’s influence in the states polices as Hu Jintao did in Australia under Prime Minister Gellibrand administration. Europe has $289 Billion dollar trade deficit that made insertion of China into the TTIP deal or commonly known as Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership easy. It only required that China initiate external deals thus superficially binding them to the European Union and externally flanking the trade deals initially intention before the deal was done.
How does President Xi Jingping view China’s neighbors?
China has traditionally dominated Asia and Asia Minor in both trade and military proneness. It is in that perspective that China and Asia views its history and examines is trajectory. Pre Colonial and Pre Mao China was isolated and focused on internal politics since it had established its dominance of Asia even before the era of the Khan. China sought only to control the Silk Road and trade routes established by Alexander the Great. The route expanded from the shores of Venice to gates of the Forbidden City. China does not want a global footprint but rather the homogenization of Asia and the Pacific. China does not seek to lead this world order established by Western philosophical doctrine but rather rewrite the fundamental principles by which it is governed by. China seeks what all nonrealistic states desire… regional homogeny and sovereignty. China due to its isolationist policy established by Chairman Mao at the founding of the Cold War, was apathetic to establishment of modern international law. China has found itself the victim from its perspective of being placed in opposition of economic growth and subjugating itself to what they would call “colonialist law” that it forfeited its ability to craft in 1945 and again in 1979 as did the other powers the United States and then Soviet Union. China wants the see its influence in the developing world to serve as an alternative thus creating a duplicate system as an alternative to the multipolar system that exist today.
China in regards to Russia sees Russia as a power of the 20th Century. It clearly respects its military capabilities but understand the Russian Federation will never match its economic might. China has a policy of 6 degrees of separation respect to Central Asia. China has made it clear in no uncertain that all Post Soviet states and satellites are within its domain and this includes Afghanistan and Pakistan. China sees Japan as its chief antagonist in the Pacific and India as its only rival in all of Asia. China will not change its Taiwan policy and will expect the new Taiwanese President elect to recognize a united China. China will choose the next Dehli Lama and alter the history of the Buddhist Priesthood to that of ceremonial figure head. Upon the US withdrawal of the United States China will continue act assertively toward Vietnam, Myanmar, Laos and Cambodia.
What is Xi Jingping vison for China?
International markets are defined from globalist structures within the international system business is governed by international institutions such as the World Trade Organization and international monetary fund. It is the rise of globalized trade agreements such as the current initiatives TTIP and TPP or the Transatlantic Trade Investment Partnership and Trans Pacific Partnership that provide the basis for currency foreign currency injections. International markets following WWII where stagnant and required large sums of artificial currency injections into markets such as Europe. The term capital structure refers to the percentage of capital at work in a particular business type. There two forms of capital in the conventional business model. Equity capital and debt capital the idea being a risk or reward payoff are the two most common types of finance. Equity capital consisting of two-sub type’s a. contributed capital and b. retained earnings. Similar to the purchase of stock. Companies and Organizations place capital within the system thus ensuing risk. Debt Capital focuses on the use of borrowed money used to operate thus the insertion of risk and interest. It is in this form of finance that you will see the most distinctive difference when compared to Islamic finance
As the international community recovered following WWII, Europe began to recover and the fragmentation of the global economic system remained. The United States benefited greatly due to the lack of competition to dollar. In the absence of a competitor international markets the dollar strength propelled the United States forward. The centralized fiscal policy of the US gave it the liquidity to engage and navigate long periods of slow growth. It wasn’t until the 1990’s when the market globalized and the emergence of Chinese investment in US sovereign debt occurred that we saw the ability for the United States to liquefy its sovereign debt by simply selling it in the international markets. The People’s Republic of China currently owns one third of US sovereign debt Japan also owns a third and it is that ability that US since 1935 and leaving the gold standard can create revenue for investment.
Pros and Cons of Globalism and Multinational Business Environment In China
The advantages of the multinational corporation or a corporations that has operations divided into regions and multiple international state are:
• A homogenized product structure, or customer base, which translates into a uniform product that appeals to a global customer rather having develop multiple products for a diversified customer base.
• Increases mobility across and within foreign markets and produce competition domestically.
• Efficient logistical international structures technological advantage or factory local factory centralization i.e instead of incurring transporting cost a company localizes it operations.
Xi Jingping on Democracy….China perspective
Democracy is a political ideology more so than a form of practical governance. When States or Countries use the word “democracy” or “democratic” they truly are referring to representative commonwealths. We often hear the words coupled with zingy terms such as “Free Market societies” and “representative elections”. Western governments themselves are not truly democratic at least not in the literal sense of the word. There are no Athenian democracy on currently in power, but rather there are representative republics packaged in commonwealth bodies and operated by a parliament procedural format. The true or “pure democracy” of one citizen, one vote no longer exists anywhere on earth. They have been replaced by electoral colleges and polls. From the 1950’s at the twilight of the Cold War to 1989 at the collapse of the Berlin Wall and the Soviet Union politicians have use the word to describe or label the ideology of Jeffersonian democracies in comparison of the communist ideology of post-World War II Eastern Europe, Central Asia, Soviet Union and China. The label of the Democracy was used to distinguish between those who support Western capitalistic philosophies and those who support ideologies that run counter to those held by the West i.e. communist, socialist, theocratic dominated societies (often found in Middle East i.e. Iran), and Dictatorships.
Democracy has also been branded as a conservative ideology, often coupled with the phrase “God Given” rights or those endowed by a creator. The religious undertone to democracy often is used as a way to sell to those who are viewed as an “oppressed” or denied freedom by their particular state. Strangely enough many so called conservatives held views that ran counter to their parties’ point of view. President Ronald Reagan often canonized for his conservative views especially towards communism and the Soviet Union felt that pace and democracies are just two sides of the same coin. President Ronald Reagan took a somewhat liberal position in a speech before the British parliament in June of 1982; President Ronald Reagan proclaimed that governments founded on a respect for individual liberty exercise “restraint” and “peaceful intentions” in their foreign policy. He then, perhaps unaware of the contrast, announced a “crusade for freedom” and a “campaign for democratic development.”
One has to understand that liberal democratic theories seek the spread of liberal, democratic values to ALL countries and all international institutions. There are two reasons that all liberals seek this goal: (1) Kant’s Democratic Peace thesis – liberal, democratic states do not fight one another. Therefore, the more you broaden the liberal, democratic sphere the more you spread peace (Cederman 2001). (2) Francis Fukuyama argues that Liberal Democratic States meet the individual, psychological needs of mankind in a way that no other political system can. Living in a Liberal, Democratic State fills an existential-psychological need. The principles of “liberalism” and “democracy” are closely connected but not synonymous, rather states must have both elements (Fukuyama, McFaul 2007).
Maoism and the Great Revolution derives its access from Stalinism, which in term found its roots in Marxism and the idea of the state being the center of world within the walls of the People’s Republic. It is in that premise the Hu Jintao began the process of securing the state in a Post 9/11 era and it is in that very root that Xi Jingping finds his take on democracy. One need only to look at the Hong Kong demonstrations as compared the Thiamine Square to see the progression. The need for business has established the need for a more secular governance of sort. Institutions such as social media are still banded but the internet although censored exist. Luxuries such as private ownership are on the table under Xi Jingping. Education institutions are being developed. to meet and compete with the west.
What is China’s military objectives?
The Modernization of the People’s Liberation Army Navy or commonly referred to as (PLAN). With considerable advances in both technological and industrial breakthroughs. China has also sought to modernize its doctrine in regard’s to both war and foreign policy. By the numbers China divided its strategy into 3 sections: Anti Surface Warfare, Naval Air Defense, and Force Projection. In Mao Era of Chinese defense in from 1949 to the fall of the Soviet Union. The idea was to defend primary from the natural threats such as the Soviet Union, Vietnam, Korea, India and the United Sates. Since the fall China has either homogenized or subjugation.
The goal of the PRC is to solidify is regional defense through Anti Surface Warfare, Naval Air Defense, and Force Projection. The Anti-surface warfare capabilities by expanded its anti-access ballistic capabilities and ship capable ballistics by more than four times its traditional stockpile.
Naval air defense has been upgraded in the surface to area component with the insertion a long range surface to air ballistic called the Luyang II DDG with a modernized radar system equal to that of the AEGIS Star.
The People’s Liberation Army Navy has expanded its ability ot project sustained projection by an estimated 67% it is in that capabilities It is in the goal it wants a comparable nuclear capable submarine fleet that can Challenge the United States and Russia in the Pacific.