What’s in a dog’s breed you may ask? Does your Mastiff fair better than a German shepherd in guarding sheep or does Dalmatians show more love than your neighbor’s huskies? Well, most dog lovers still argue about this question any time they meet in the park.
Luckily, science now enables every dog owner to understand his breed better. A research published on Duke Today, Science News and Live Science among other resources points to the importance of a breed type in terms of your dog’s behavior. In essence, searching for your dog should involve a lot of research on reliable dog forums such as AllDogBreedsOnline.com.
Delving into Breeding History
According to this study, appreciating modern breeds needs some background knowledge on dog breeding. The breeds you know and love today is most likely not older than 150 years.
The split between the untamed wolf and your tamed lovely collie is also no more than 40,000 years, which is little time in evolution. In essence, much of the breeding took place in the 17th and 18th century England due to:
• Working needs: Most of the breed names you see today were given names not because of any inherent traits but based on their capabilities. For instance, any dog out there that was good at retrieving instantly became a retriever. Any dog that could kill a bull for butchers became a bull-dog and gradually developed traits you observe on modern bull-dog breeds.
• Social Class and Dog Breeding: Like in modern society, the upper class in Victorian England definitely wanted to exhibit their higher standards. As such, you did not expect an aristocrat to own the same dog with a plebe and this mitigated a dog breeding era. The idea was to have pure breeds that were costly and only available to the upper classes.
Breed Influence on Behavior
Truth be told, animals learn from their environment. As such, the original use of a breed had an impact on their inner development. For instance, Border Collies were originally herding dogs and even today, you can still these qualities in their boundless energy, obedience and quick-learning capability.
On the other hand, a Golden retriever will wow you with enthusiasm because this is how the breed owners expected it to perform its hunting duties. Your intimidating bull dog still crouches on the ground as this was the way it was supposed to kill bulls tied on a pole.
In the study by Dognation, purebreds were more likely to follow owner’s gestures while mixed breeds were sharper in terms of memory. This again goes back to the history of breeding where purebreds were working dogs, which relied heavily on owner communication.
Mixed breeds on the other have an advantage because mixing of breeding traits helps them to be more flexible and they can even depend on their mental capabilities to make choices.
As research continues on effect of dog breed on their behavior traits, it is obvious that there is a close connection. As such making your choice should not just be on looks but a thorough search on the breed and its history.
Go on and get that bouncy Retriever if you have the energy to handle him. After all this is a hunting dog.