Everyone has beliefs about the nature of reality, human experience, ethics and knowledge. These beliefs will guide and always be at work in the assessment of evidence. The underlying world view is the controlling factor in the reasoning and the conflicting conclusions which antagonists reach.
The existence of the God of the Bible as the one true and living God is rationally provable. Faith in Biblical truth is a faith in evidence. Faith in the Christian world view is not something that stands over against reason, neither above reason nor contrary to reason. Rather reasoning itself rests upon the presupposition of the Christian faith and collapses arbitrarily without it.
All men operate as if the law of uniformity rules diverse events, things, and experiences. Sometimes this is explicit and self-conscious, but one eventually accomplishes things automatically. By repetition the law of uniformity is proven though events are separated by time and space. What has occurred in the past is good evidence for what will occur in the future.
You are quite acquainted with the process of moving from particular facts in our experience to general truths exhibited by those particular experiences. Dr. Greg Bahnsen used the toothpaste proof of the existence of God. Why did you squeeze the toothpaste tube this morning expecting the toothpaste to come out, he would ask? Because every time you squeezed the toothpaste tube in the paste the toothpaste came out. He affectionately called this the toothpaste proof of the existence of God. Dr Greg Bahnsen asserts that it is more than just past experience with toothpaste that causes one to believe that the toothpaste will emerge when he squeezes the tube. The belief in the law of uniformity is necessary as well. Without the belief in the law of uniformity you would not be able to learn from experience. You could not use language, you could not perform science, you could not reason. All of which involve observing similarities and projecting them onto the future.
Antagonist toward Christianity, David Hume proves this. Hume asks the question “What is the nature of that evidence which assures us of any real existence and matter-of-fact beyond the present testimony of our senses, or the records of our memory? Hume continues, “Only that in the past or in the cases so far observed such and such has been the case.” Hume insisted that there is no basis for projecting past experience into the future, “If you insist that the inferences made by a chain of reasoning I desire you to produce that reasoning.” Hume demands, “I want to learn the foundation of this inference.” David Hume makes it clear that there is no logical right to affirm on the basis of our past experiences that even probability is true of the natural order, and so inductive reasoning is left with no foundation.
Bertrand Russell confirms David Hume, “The inductive principle is equally incapable of being proved by an appeal to experience. Experience might conceivably confirm the inductive principle as regards to the cases that have been already examined but as regards unexamined cases it is the inductive principle alone that can justify any inference from what has been examined to what has not been examined. All arguments which on the basis of experience argue as to the future or the unexperienced parts of the past or present assume the inductive principle. Hence we can never use experience to prove the inductive principle without begging the question.” Thus showing that all reason begins with a presupposition and is therefore circular.
So is there reason for believing inductive reasoning? If not you can know nothing. Belief in the God of order, revealed in the Bible, who is the precondition of all reasoning whatsoever is the foundation upon which inductive reasoning can stand. Every time the unbeliever uses language, performs science or engages in reasoning he proves the existence of the one true and living God.
Dr. Greg Bahnsen argues that in order to operate in a world of order all men borrow from a Christian worldview at some point. Dr. Bahnsen would say “I am not saying unbelivers cannot count I am simply saying they cannot account for counting.” Dr. Greg Bahnsen argued that When an unbeliever squeezes the toothpaste tube expecting the toothpaste to issue out he has proven the existence of God. When you perform science, engage in communication using language, reason, you have proven the existence of the God of order revealed in the Bible.
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