On April 28, the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) issued yet another warning against a dietary supplement for weight loss and performance enhancement. The agency sent warning letters to 14 companies in regard to a total of 17 products for which the product labeling describes DMBA as a dietary ingredient.
The FDA deems DMBA-containing products to be adulterated because the safety of the ingredient has not been documented. Earlier this month, the agency warned five companies to stop selling dietary supplements containing a stimulant known as beta-methylphenylethylamine ( BMPEA), which is often hidden in supplements containing Acacia rigidula.
Under the Federal Food, Drug and Cosmetics Act (as amended by the Dietary Supplement Health and Education Act of 1994), dietary supplement firms do not need FDA approval before they can place their products on the market. However, the agency cautioned that just because a supplement is available on a store shelf or other retail outlet does not mean it is safe. The FDA has received numerous reports of harm associated with the use of weight loss products, including increased blood pressure, heart palpitations (pounding or racing heart), stroke, seizure, and death. When safety issues are suspected, FDA must investigate and, when necessary, take steps to have these products removed from the market.
In 2014, the FDA has issued more than 30 public notifications and recalled 7 contaminated weight loss products. The agency also has issued warning letters, seized products, and criminally prosecuted individuals responsible for marketing these illegal diet products. In addition, FDA maintains an online list of tainted weight-loss products.
To help individuals with long-term weight management, FDA has approved prescription drugs such as Belviq, Qysmia, and Contrave; these products are intended for people at least 18 years of age who are obese, defined as a body mass index (BMI) of 30 or greater and have at least one other weight-related health condition. In addition, the FDA recommends that if you are going to begin any type of weight control program, you should first have a discussion with a healthcare professional.
DMBA is also known as:
- 2-Amino-4-Methylpentane Citrate
- 4-Amino-2-Methylpentane Citrate
- 4-Amino Methylpentane Citrate
- AMP Citrate
- 4-AMP Citrate