In 1905 a book called “Incidents and Anecdotes of Early Days and History of Business in the City and County of Fond du Lac from Early Times to Present” was published. Pages 141 – 143 were devoted to the history of dentistry in Fond du Lac County, Wisconsin.
The author, A.T. Glaze wrote about how porcelain didn’t work as a base in dentistry when he wrote this book in 1905. He said rubber was the dental material used now and mentioned that chloroform had once been the favored anesthetic by dentists. Glaze wrote about how chloroform became too dangerous so dentists had started using ether instead. At that time cocaine had been being used for twenty five years as a local anesthetic in dentistry (since about 1880) and the muriate of cocaine had been being used ever since. In 1905 cocaine was the only local anesthetic used by dentists.
The first dentist in Fond du Lac was a Dr. Lucius Kellogg. He arrived in 1848. In the 1850 census he was 29 years old, had been born in New York State and was living in Fond du Lac with several other people. No one else in the household was named Kellogg.
Glaze wrote that Dentist Kellogg left to go back to Boston in the 1850’s but first he had built a house on Main Street, opposite of 5th Street. His dental office was in the front room upstairs. An ad for his dental practice was in the Fond du Lac Commonwealth Reporter on Feb 6, 1851. The ad stated that he had been in practice for eight years and was located across from the Badger Hotel on Main Street.
Lucius Kellogg was mentioned in an article in the Fond du Lac Journal on Dec 26, 1850. His name was one of several announced to be a local speaker at Darling’s Hall during the winter on Tuesday nights in Fond du Lac.
When Kellogg spoke in February of 1851 A.W. Paine noted in the newspaper that his speech on Tuesday night was short but credible. Kellogg’s topic was on the duties of American citizens. Paine mentioned that the duties of citizens in Fond du Lac were that they needed sidewalks. It must have been difficult to get to Darling’s Hall that night in the middle of winter but he did say Kellogg’s speech was well attended.
In 1852 Lucius Kellogg represented Fond du Lac on what would now be the school board. It was called the Teacher’s Association of Fond du Lac County and there was an article about it in the Fond du Lac Journal in May of 1852.
Lucius Kellogg disappears from records in Fond du Lac after 1853. On Sept 19, 1857 an advertisement appeared in the Kansas Herald of Freedom newspaper in the town of Wakarusa which was very similar to the ones in Fond du Lac. Dentist L. Kellogg was advertising that he had 10 years of experience and had now permanently settled in Lawrence, Kansas. A Lucius Kellogg is buried there in Wakarusa in the Shawnee Cemetery. He died in August 1866 at the age of 46. Only a year before he died, on May 8, 1865, Lucius Kellogg married a woman named Cornelia Wood. There was also a Dentist named Lucius Kellogg who practiced in Oyster Bay, Long Island, New York but he may have been this L. Kellogg’s father because he died in 1853 at the age of 71.
The second dentist to come to Fond du Lac was named A. L. Hoyt and he set up his dental practice after Kellogg.
A.L. Hoyt’s name is on the Wisconsin census of 1860. At that time he was living in the third ward of Fond du Lac with his family. He was noted as being 42 years old and living with his wife Sarah S. Hoyt and his children Anna and Alfred. A 74 year old woman was living with them named Sarah S. Wright. She may have been his wife’s mother. All of them except Alfred were born in Massachusetts. Two men were also living in the house with them. One was 35 and the other was 40 years old at that time. Dentist A.L. Hoyt was still living in Fond du Lac in the 1875 census. At that time there were 3 white males and 1 female in their household.
Another dentist named Dr. J.R. Cole came soon after. Both Dr. A.L. Hoyt and Dr. J.R. Cole were said to have stayed in Fond du Lac for many years.
The 1860 census of Fond du Lac has a J.R. Cole living in the third ward. He was 33 years old and was born in New York. His wife’s name was Emma and she was 23 and born in Vermont. She must have been 17 years old at the time they got married because their first child Dudley was 5 years old at the time of this census. They had two other boys as well. Milton was 3 and J.M. was 1 year old. All of their children were born in Wisconsin. Two other females lived with them at that time. They were Ruth (age 18) and Mary (age 12) Knaggs from New York.
An article in the Semi-Weekly Wisconsin newspaper about Fond du Lac had a section in it which listed dentists on March 23, 1867. J.R. Cole was said to have been in Fond du Lac for 15 years at that time and A.L. Hoyt was noted as being in town for 13 years. Loomis and Whittier were also said to be resident dentists but no years of practice in Fond du Lac were next to their names. An Itinerant dentist was J.B. Wades (traveled from town to town).
Lucius Kellogg was the first dentist in the city of Fond du Lac, Wisconsin. He moved on and J.R. Cole and A.L. Hoyt took over as the primary dentists in Fond du Lac after Kellogg moved away.