While most researchers have failed to find a correlation between being raised by parents of the same sex and emotional problems, a more recent study, with a much larger sample size, claims to have found such a correlation. Paul Sullins, professor of sociology at The Catholic University of America, published a paper in the British Journal of Education, Society and Behavioral Science; the largest paper on the subect to date. Indeed, he says that previous studies suffered from having a relatively small sample size. Using the National Health Interview Suruvey, he conducted a random sample (claiming that previous studies not only had small sample sizes, but were non-random) on 1.6 million cases from the Centers for Disease Control.
Despite his religious background, his hypothesis was that there would be no differences. He claims to have found significant differences, however. He concedes that a significant limitation of his study is that he did not distinguish between male homosexual vs. lesbian parents, so he does not know whether both are psychologically problematic for the child. He also says that he did not distinguish married vs. cohabiting parents, nor did he distinguish between male or female children. Thus, it may be that only male homosexual, but not female homosexual, couples, for example, pose a problem for children. Certain parent/children sex-combinations may be more problematic than others, and others may not be psychologically problematic at all.
According to Sullins, while 7 percent of children raised with opposite-sex parents experience major psychological problems, this is true of 15 percent of children with same-sex parents. However, after differences between the groups in distribution of age, race, sex, parent education and income were adjusted for, the difference became 7.4 percent to 17.4 percent, with the odds of so large a difference being due to random fluctuation 1 in 1,000. There is furthermore a 4.4 vs. 9.3 percent difference in the children suffering from psychological difficulties severe enough to warrant clinical diagnosis. “Apart frm joint biological parenting, it also didn’t matter very much whether the parents were same-sex or opposite-sex,” Sullins said. “
“I compared opposite-sex parent families in which only one parent was a biological parent — think step-families — or neither parent was — think adopted children — to their same-sex counterparts, and found no differences in child emotional problems…There is no evidence, in other words, that the quality of parenting, parental support, parent-child dynamics, etc., are less beneficial for children with same-sex parents than for those with opposite-sex parents, when those parents are not their natural mother and father. The point is not that same-sex persons, whether married or not, are not somehow less loving or effective as parents, but that, unlike opposite-sex partners, they cannot jointly procreate a child, which is the type of natural relationship in which children thrive best, by far, with regard to emotional health”(Quote in Stimpson, 2015)
Stimpson, Emily (2015). ‘No differences’ theory countered in new study Children raised by same- sex parents are more likely to have emotional difficulties than those with opposite-sex parents, findings say. Retrieved from: https://www.osv.com/Article/TabId/493/artmid/13569/articleid/16977/Defau…