A sauna is a small room or building designed as a place to experience dry or wet heat sessions. The steam and high heat make the bathers perspire. Saunas can be divided into two basic styles: conventional saunas that warm the air or infrared saunas that warm objects. Infrared saunas may use various materials in their heating area such as charcoal, active carbon fibers, and other materials.
The Sauna is one of the oldest therapeutic modalities to prevent ailments as it is a hot air bath that causes skin temperature to rise, resulting in heavy sweating. The heat is rapidly transferred from the skin to the internal organs and brain.
Hyperthermia therapy to cure body ailments naturally has a long history of use since the Roman and Mayan Empires. Naturopathic physicians use sauna therapy in clinical practice for general cleansing and preventive medicine. Regular sauna therapy accompanied by exercise and a good diet should maintain good health.
- Some conditions may require the attention of medical provider prior to your much anticipated sauna session.
Detoxification through skin sweating is an efficient therapy used for the release of heavy metals such as aluminum, chromium, cobalt, iron, lead, manganese, nickel, and many others. There are several cases of patients benefiting from this type of intervention from mercury poisoning. Pesticides, petroleum organic chemicals, drugs and toxins of all kinds can be eliminate through sweat. 80% of naturopathic physicians are using the sauna sweating method in clinical practice.
Sauna therapy can be a safe and enjoyable way to find deep relaxation. It relaxes muscles and reduces pain.
Sauna bathing and cardiovascular health.
In February 2015, internal medicine journal published an article reporting that an increase of sauna bathing can reduce the risk of sudden cardiac death and fatal cardiovascular diseases, and all-cause mortality.
In 2003, a different medical paper noted that systemic thermal therapy, such as taking a warm-water bath and sauna, induces systemic vasodilation. It was found that repeated sauna therapy at a temperature of 60 degrees Celsius for 15 minutes, improved hemodynamic parameters, clinical symptoms, cardiac function, and vascular endothelial function in patients with congestive heart failure. Vascular endothelial function is impaired in subjects with lifestyle-related diseases, such as hypertension, hyperlipidemia, diabetes mellitus, obesity, and smoking. On the basis of these data, sauna therapy may be a promising therapy for patients with lifestyle-related diseases.
Chronic tension-type headache.
Journal of alternative and complementary medicine reported that sauna therapy may relieve chronic tension-type headache. Chronic syndrome is characterized by frequent headaches occurring more than 15 days per month. The intensity and duration of headache pain can be very distressing and disabling on an individuals’ well-being. Regular sauna bathing is a simple, self-directed treatment that is effective for reducing headache pain intensity in chronic tension-type headache.
Sauna bathing may reduce the incidence of common colds.
Contraindications of sauna bathing.
Individuals with high body mass index are at higher risk of dehydration, and they should pay particular attention to replenishing fluids during a visit to the sauna. The proposed equations for calculating BML based on a person’s BMI can be useful in estimating the amount of fluids that should be replenished by both men and women during a visit to a dry sauna.
The effects of alcohol prior using a sauna can cause hypotension, arrhythmia and sudden death
Sauna therapy may modify the pharmacokinetics and pharmacodynamics of certain prescribed medications. It can retard or accelerate absorption.
Sauna and lung.
Often a warm and humid environment will favor fungal growth and this can induce hypersensitivity pneumonitis. It is caused by an inhaled particles of the fungus from contaminated soil, water, decaying vegetation and or rotting wood.
In conclusion, sauna bathing is considerate as a form of therapy in preventive medicine. Sauna may help rheumatic pain (with cold shower) but not neuropathic pain and has also shown usefulness for appetite loss and mild depression. It has also been recommended for reducing symptoms in chronic fatigue syndrome Many of the sauna therapeutic trials used a regular schedule of at least 5 days a week and often daily for one to three months, then several times a week for extended periods After a sauna therapy session, avoid exposure to rapid cold. The difference of temperature can create sudden shift in blood circulation.