During the millennial kingdom, Israel will be required to follow many of the statutes of the original Old Testament. Those alive at the time Jesus Christ returns will finally recognize Him as their Messiah–but after the resurrection has already passed. Many will be spared from the wrath of God on the day of the Lord’s return and continue to live as mortals. Jesus Christ will rule in their midst, and they will be required to follow moral, civil, and ceremonial laws from the Old Testament.
20 Look upon Zion, the city of our appointed feasts;…22 (For the Lord is our Judge, The Lord is our Lawgiver, The Lord is our King.) – Isaiah 33:20,22, NKJV
24 “David My servant [symbolic of Christ] shall be king over them, and they shall all have one shepherd; they shall also walk in My judgments and observe My statutes, and do them. 25 Then they shall dwell in the land that I have given to Jacob My servant, where your fathers dwelt; and they shall dwell there, they, their children, and their children’s children, forever; and My servant David shall be their prince forever. 26 Moreover I will make a covenant of peace with them, and it shall be an everlasting covenant with them; I will establish them and multiply them, and I will set My sanctuary in their midst forevermore. 27 My tabernacle also shall be with them; indeed I will be their God, and they shall be My people. – Ezekiel 37:24-27, NKJV
33 “As I live,” says the Lord God, “surely with a mighty hand, with an outstretched arm, and with fury poured out, I will rule over you. …37 “I will make you pass under the rod, and I will bring you into the bond of the covenant; … 40 For on My holy mountain, on the mountain height of Israel,” says the Lord God, “there all the house of Israel, all of them in the land, shall serve Me; there I will accept them, and there I will require your offerings and the firstfruits of your sacrifices, together with all your holy things. 41 I will accept you as a sweet aroma when I bring you out from the peoples and gather you out of the countries where you have been scattered; and I will be hallowed in you before the Gentiles. – Ezekiel 20:33-41, NKJV
In the millennial kingdom, Israel won’t care that they lost the ancient Ark of the covenant any more. It once represented the presence of God with them. They once stored the Ten Commandments and the scrolls of God’s Word there. But they will not need it. They will not rebuild it.
16 “Then it shall come to pass, when you are multiplied and increased in the land in those days,” says the Lord, “that they will say no more, ‘The ark of the covenant of the Lord.’ It shall not come to mind, nor shall they remember it, nor shall they visit it, nor shall it be made anymore. 17 “At that time Jerusalem shall be called The Throne of the Lord, and all the nations shall be gathered to it, to the name of the Lord, to Jerusalem. No more shall they follow the dictates of their evil hearts. – Jeremiah 3:16-18, NKJV
As the millennial kingdom on earth gets under way, God will once again ordain priests and the order of Levites, and designate districts for them to dwell in with the sanctuary of the Lord being at the center (Isaiah 66:21; Ezekiel 48:9-14).
Israel will be commanded to keep God’s covenant, speak truth to his neighbor, give judgment in their gates for justice and peace, and never speak false oaths (Isaiah 56:4,5; Zech. 8:15-17).
All Israel will worship God at the New Moon and the Sabbath in the millennial kingdom. They will keep the Sabbath day holy. The fast of the fourth, fifth, seventh and tenth months will be considered cheerful feasts to them, and the Feast of Tabernacles will also be observed (Zech. 8:18,19; 14:16-19; Isaiah 56: 1,2; 66:23).
During this 1000-year period, I wouldn’t think that animal sacrifice will be required. Although Ezekiel prophesied that God “will require your offerings and the firstfruits of your sacrifices,” (Ezekiel 20:40) it doesn’t seem likely that that refers to sacrifices for sin. Israel now believes in the substitutionary death of Jesus Christ, even though they failed to believe before His second return to earth. There is no more sacrifice that can be made for sin. We saw in the last article what the spiritual condition of Israel would be during the millennial kingdom. Although it is hard for any Christian to understand how forgiveness could be possible for any survivor after Christ returns to earth, scripture does seem clear to say that the remnant of Israel will be “saved”. They will be forgiven and cleansed of all filthiness (Isaiah 4:3,4; 33:24; Joel 3:20,21; Zech. 3:9; Ezekiel 36:25; 37:23).
So what all will happen in Israel during the weeks and months immediately following the end days and the magnificent second coming of Jesus Christ? We have certainly covered a lot already. Read the next article at your leisure: The millennial kingdom, VII – the first few months