The major threat to world stability is global warming according to a climate report released by the World Bank, reports NBC News today. The world has increased since pre-industrial times by weather temperature rise in today’s world.
What is the real concern for increased temperature? The global path is on the way to an increase of 2.7 degrees Fahrenheit. The change in temperature leads to changes in crop production and starvation for some areas of the world. The rising sea levels bring flooding and destruction of harbor cities and loss of islands. Both these situations lead to problems and fear in water security.
Currently Buffalo, New York has had five to six feet of snow fall causing loss of life and severe property damage while Australia entering its summer season down under had one of the hottest days on record during the G-20 meeting last week. World Bank President Jim Yong Kim states that the forecast for the end of the century is another 4 degrees Celsius or a jump to an increase of about 7 degrees Fahrenheit. Each decade brings increased temperature and more weather challenges.
President Kim states, “Ending poverty, increasing global prosperity and reducing global inequality, already difficult, will be much harder with warming of two degrees Celsius. But at four degrees, there is serious doubt whether these goals can be achieved at all.” The need for changing the global warming pattern is becoming almost reversible. It may be a natural change in the planet. However, China at the G-20 summit committed to placing a cap upon its carbon emissions by 2030 to assist curbing the rise in temperature. The United States has pledged to cut its emissions to 26-28% below 2005 levels by 2025.
These are significant steps towards stopping the damage to crop production. Brazil could lose 70 percent of its soybean crop if there is 2 degree rise in Celsius which is about 3.5 degrees in Fahrenheit. Those couple of degrees can cut the crop of wheat in Macedonia by 50 percent or cause a meltdown in northern Russia to cause release of methane gas at a faster and higher rate.
Kim and the World Bank have a target of eliminating poverty around the world if the 2 degree Celsius rise can be curbed downward. The report links the Arab Spring as a consequence of higher food prices due to warming conditions and lost crops. The conclusion of the report brings the future forecast into immediate concern. Kim states, further climate change could add to already risky security issues “by placing additional pressures on already scarce resources and by reinforcing such preexisting threats as political instability, poverty, and unemployment.” Kim adds, “This is the basis for social uprising and violent conflict.”